The 19th century determined Wielkopolska's culinary identity. It was then that potatoes, also called by a variety of regional names (kartofle, or pyry) started dominating the menu. Even today, the inhabitants of Wielkopolska are often called "Poznan pyry" in many regions of the country. The most famous and tasty dishes representing the region's cuisine include specially prepared hash browns, duck with pyzy (a type of dumplings) and cabbage, as well as pyry z gzikiem (hot poached potatoes with butter and salted cottage cheese, pepper and onion). Those with a sweet tooth will love the St. Martin croissants, but other baked goods are also worth recommending, since the city is famous for its baking and pastry traditions.
Poznan is located in a temperate zone, with great temperature variability. Winters in Wielkopolska are usually mild and humid, while summers are quite hot. The average temperature is 8.1°C, with June being the hottest month (17.3°C on average). It is worth remembering, however, that the climate is becoming increasingly warmer and sometimes June temperatures exceed 30°C. December is the coldest month: the mean monthly temperature is -0.2°C. Recently, winters in Poznan have become milder, but in the past temperatures around -20°C were not uncommon.
The mean annual precipitation total equals 666 mm.